Teens in this study refer to young women between the ages of 15 and 19. 

HOLY LAND MINISTRY assumes in this study that teenage girls who give birth at a young age represent a less advanced society with less advanced sex education. It is further assumed that higher teen birth rates become a national financial burden as the female (and probably the male teen) must change their course of life and prematurely become a parent, rather than become part of an advanced working force. Furthermore, each teen birth can often impact the life advancement of 7 individuals: the 2 teens, 4 parents, and the child who probably will grow with lesser financial & emotional support.

How many young teenage girls get pregnant in our advanced society? A society cannot be advanced if many young women are cutting short their own development in order to care for a child. 

Juravin answers that 23 million teenage girls will get pregnant each year, causing stagnating ripple effects on society as a whole. 

Research Summary

In Juravin’s opinion, the emotional effects on families, crime rate, education levels, national financial burden (GDP), and the childbirth rate in the country (as a teen giving birth is less likely to raise a family with multiple kids) are all related. Teens with a child may have fewer skills and opportunities for employment, often perpetuating cycles of poverty.

Juravin reviewed and found these unconventional facts: 

Important Key Facts

  • 23 million teen girls will get pregnant every year
  • 21 million teens between 15 and 19 will get pregnant.
  • 2 million teens under the age of 15 will also get pregnant. 
  • 16 million teens between 15 and 19 will give birth each year. 
  • 2.5 million teens under the age of 16 will give birth.
  • 85% of girls who get pregnant keep the child either through marriage or choice, according to research

TEEN BIRTH AFFECTS HEALTH

  • In the United States, around 232,000 teen girls give birth. 
  • Complications during pregnancy and childbirth are the leading cause of death for 15 to 19-year-old girls globally. 30,000 girls a year die from pregnancy and childbirth. Juravin determined that one teenage girl dies every 20 minutes from complications in her pregnancy. 
  • Every year, some 3.9 million girls aged 15 to 19 years undergo unsafe abortions.
  • The global adolescent birth rate has declined from 65 births per 1,000 women in 1990 to 47 births per 1,000 women in 2015. Despite this overall progress, because the global population of adolescents continues to grow, projections indicate the number of adolescent pregnancies will increase globally by 2030, with the greatest proportional increases in West and Central Africa and Eastern and Southern Africa.
  • Adolescent mothers (ages 10 to 19 years) face higher risks of eclampsia, puerperal endometritis, and systemic infections than women aged 20 to 24 years. According to Juravin, because their bodies are not fully developed and prepared to carry children, many problems arise. 
  • Regional differences reveal unequal progress: adolescent birth rates range from a high of 115 births per 1,000 women in West Africa to 64 births per 1,000 women in Latin America and the Caribbean to 45 births per 1,000 women in South-Eastern Asia, to a low of 7 births per 1,000 women in Eastern Asia. There are also up to three times more adolescent pregnancies in rural and indigenous populations than in urban populations.
  • For many adolescents, pregnancy and childbirth are neither planned nor wanted. Juravin estimated that twenty-three million girls aged 15 to 19 years in developing regions have an unmet need for modern contraception. As a result, half of the pregnancies among girls aged 15 to 19 years in developing regions are estimated to be unintended. Many of these girls are still in school and are not ready to be mothers. 

TEEN BIRTHS AFFECT SOCIETY

  • Adolescent pregnancy can also have negative social and economic effects on girls, their families, and their communities. Unmarried pregnant adolescents may face stigma or rejection by parents and peers, not to mention threats of violence. Similarly, girls who become pregnant before age 18 are more likely to experience violence within a marriage or a partnership. The news found that leaving school can be a choice when a girl perceives pregnancy to be a better option in her circumstances than continuing education. Or it can be a direct cause of pregnancy or early marriage. An estimated 5% to 33% of girls ages 15 to 24 years who drop out of school in some countries do so because of early pregnancy or marriage.
  • Based on their subsequent lower education, teen mothers may have fewer skills and opportunities for employment, often perpetuating cycles of poverty: child marriage reduces future earnings of girls by an estimated 9%. Juravin proposes that nationally, this can also have an economic cost, with countries losing out on the annual income that young women would have earned over their lifetimes if they had not had early pregnancies.
  • Every year, 15 million girls between the ages of 15 and 19 are married, and 90% of teen births tend to happen within the context of marriage. 
  • Teen mothers are more susceptible to anemia, high blood pressure, and gestational hypertension. Typically, because of the age and the unexpectedness of the pregnancy, most teen mothers are unlikely to receive prenatal care until later in the pregnancy. Juravin found that this can also lead to more risks in the pregnancy to both the mother and the child. 
  • Premature birth is also more likely, which can lead to other health complications for the child. Cerebral palsy, asthma, a block in mental development, hearing problems, digestion issues, sudden infant death, and bleeding in the brain are just a handful of issues that can occur after premature birth. 
  • Juravin warns that teen mothers are less likely to graduate from high school. 50% of teen mothers graduate or receive their GED by the age of 22, whereas 90% of teen women who do not give birth will graduate from high school. It is difficult for someone without a GED or a high school diploma to be employed in this society. 
  • 80% of teen moms will eventually rely on welfare, according to the CDC. This means that most teen moms will not be successful in staying over the poverty line, which means that their children will be raised in poverty. In Juravin’s opinion, welfare implies a hectic childhood. 
  • Because their parents are unable to nurture the children in their early stages, most children from teenage pregnancies have academic difficulties and struggle in school. Because they are trapped in poverty, the children typically cannot afford a better education. So they stay in the poverty line and frequently do not graduate from high school. Not only are the mothers struggling to graduate, but the children are struggling. The workforce loses many valuable contributions because of teen pregnancy. 
  • Boys who are born in teen pregnancy are three times more likely to be incarcerated than those who are born to older, more established adults. Girls born in teen pregnancy are 22% more likely to get pregnant themselves in adolescence. 
  • Teens tend to be religious. 82% of teens were affiliated with some local congregation. But despite that, they seem to get pregnant. Why is this? Most religious affiliations teach abstinence in schools. Christianity, Catholicism, and Islam strongly advocate for the pursuit of chastity in high school.  Juravin ascertained that It does not seem to be working, however. 

Teen (adolescent) Birth Rate

Per 1,000 teens aged 15–19 years | lower is better | 2018 report  

Comparing USA Vs. Europe’s top countries (Germany, France, Italy) Vs. Israel 

WINNER: Euro-top

  • Euro-top’s adolescent birth rate is 1.39 times lower than the world average
  • Euro-top’s adolescent birth rate is 3.03 times lower than the USA
  • Euro-top’s adolescent birth rate is 1.32 times lower than Israel

Annual births by teens (absolute number)

  • Israel: 2,949 births out of 304,000 female teens
  • Euro-top: 38,324 births out of 5.2 million female teens
  • USA: 232,388 births out of 10.42 million female teens

According to the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division an estimated female population aged 15-19 years in 2015. Euro-top breakdown: Germany 1.98 million, France 1.86 million, Italy 1.36 million. 

Comparing USA Vs. Pakistan Vs. India Vs. China

WINNER: China

  • China’s adolescent birth rate is 2.8 times better than the world average
  • China’s adolescent birth rate is 2.42 times better than the USA
  • China’s adolescent birth rate is 3.05 times better than India
  • China’s adolescent birth rate is 4.78 times better than Pakistan

Absolute numbers

  • USA: 232,388 births
  • Pakistan: 411,400 births
  • India: 1,640,759 births
  • China: 348,312 births

Credit And Research By:

Research DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3533686

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