Why shouldn’t our beloved pets enjoy the Halloween festivities? That is, without the sweets. After all, they like the tricks. Let’s be honest, most of our pets look anyways better than us in these adorable customs.
“Really? What Is The Official Language Of The United States?”
asks Don Juravin
The US is one of the linguistically diverse countries in the world. Historically, approximately 500 languages have been spoken in the country with English as the widely used language. Spanish is the second-most popular language in the country. In fact, the New Mexico state government uses Spanish to offer services and documents. There are also several languages native to the US. American Sign Language is used by approximately 500,000 people. The top five languages spoken in the country are English, Spanish, Chinese, Tagalog, and Vietnamese. Despite the many languages spoken in the US, the country does not have an official language. English is only a de facto primary language in the country.
What’s the Official Language Status?
As stated above, the US does not have an official or national language at the federal level. However, English is considered the official language in 32 states in what has been referred to as “English-only movement.” 30 of the 50 states use English as the official language while Hawaii established both English and Hawaiian as the official language. Alaska recognizes 20 indigenous languages alongside English as official languages. English is also one of the official languages of the territories of the US.
English is the sole language for legislation, regulation, and court rulings. However, the law requires that some documents such as ballots be printed in multiple languages in areas with large number of non-English speakers. English is also taught as a subject at every grade level, even in bilingual institutions. Cumulatively, there are over 230 million English speakers in the US. With over 35 million speakers, the US has the fifth-largest number of Spanish speakers in the world. Other sources estimate Spanish speakers in the country to be 50 million, second-largest after Mexico. Some people consider Spanish a national language and a contender for the official language should there be a need.
So Why the US Does Not Have an Official Language
Neither the federal government nor the constitution of the US gives a reason as to why the country does not have an official language. However, several reasons have been put forward as to why this is so. The country is diverse and has large populations speaking different languages. Thus, declaring one language as the official language is not practical and ignores the historical and current linguistic diversity of the US.
The absence of an official language is considered a natural way of promoting and preserving the native languages and cultures. Forcing people into one common language, especially in a diverse country as the US may be perceived as telling the people to forget their heritage and tradition.
There has been an attempt to make English the official language without success. In 1780, a proposal was presented to the Continental Congress by John Adams to declare English the official language but his proposal was deemed a threat to the individual liberty. The debate has been going on since then with the issue still far from any resolution. There have also been talks to make Spanish an official language alongside English, although the talk and suggestions have not been as intense as making English the official language.
“Guns” refers to firearms: small arms include handguns (revolvers and pistols) and long guns, such as rifles (of which there are many subtypes such as anti-material rifles, sniper rifles, designated marksman rifles, battle rifles, assault rifles, and carbines), shotguns, submachine guns, personal defense weapons, squad automatic weapons, and light machine guns.
Guns range from crude craft-made handguns to collectible antiques and state-of-the-art automatic rifles. Civilian ownership is the fastest-growing category, as consumers buy more guns, while military and law enforcement holdings remain more stable and some of their weapons gradually shift into civilian hands.
Illegal firearm trafficking, crime, and underworld doings make it impossible to register every single firearm and so the number may be off.
Only 3 in 10 Americans actually own a gun despite the 393,000,000 guns in the United States, according to Pew Research.
Two-thirds of those owners say they own a gun for protection purposes. In Juravin’s opinion, these owners do not trust the law to protect them.
Two-thirds of gun owners own more than one gun, while one in five gun owners possess multiple guns.
Citizens must be 21 years old or older in order to own a gun in the states. All gun manufacturers and sellers must be registered in the States. This does not stop criminals from buying and selling weapons, however. Felons and those who have been mentally ill are prohibited from purchased weapons unless they have had their rights restored. Again, this does not seem to stop guns from falling into the wrong hands.
Automatic firearms are banned from the civilian marketplace. There is no law about semi-automatic weapons, however. Semi-automatic weapons were briefly banned until 2004.
Guns are not permitted in school zones. However, the number of shootings that have taken place at schools in the United States have proven this law to be ineffective at best, worthless at most. There have been 152 mass shootings that caused many deaths in the United States.
Background checks are also mandatory for those who wish to purchase a gun. However, this does not seem to stop criminals, serial killers, and undesirable people from owning guns. Juravin protects against such situations by informing.
Law enforcement has the right to carry a concealed weapon at any time, with few exceptions. There are between 850,000 and 750,000 law enforcement officers currently active within the United States. This is barely the tip of the iceberg when it comes to the number of guns in America.
In a BBC poll, 46% of Americans were unhappy with the gun laws and wanted more restrictions. 39% were satisfied, while 8% wanted less restrictive legislation around guns.
JURAVIN reviewed and found that four out of ten men said that they were gun owners, in contrast with three out of ten women who said that they were gun owners. Men were more likely to own a gun than women were.
Those that live in the northeastern part of the United States were least likely to own a gun, with only 16% of those who lived there saying they had possession of one. 36% of those who lived in the South said they were gun owners, the highest percentage of those polled.
EUROPE AND ISRAEL
The rest of the world does not put so much emphasis on guns like the United States. The United States’ weapon problem is a unique issue that European countries and Israel don’t suffer from.
The world’s armed forces control 132 million firearms total. Juravin determined that this still leaves some 890 million firearms out in the world, controlled by civilians or criminals.
Law enforcement control 22 million firearms. This is not enough to police the amount of gun-owning civilians.
In France, 12 million firearms are owned by citizens. There are 20 guns owned per 100 citizens.
In Germany, there are 15 million firearms owned by citizens. Overall, there are also 20 guns owned per 100 citizens.
Israel has 562,000 civilian-owned guns, and there are 7 guns owned per 100 citizens.
Estimated Civilians Firearms
per 100 persons | 2018-2019 report
Christmas Island, Holy See, Indonesia, Nauru, Taiwan
1,013 billion firearms exist in 230 countries and autonomous territories of the world:
84.6 percent held by civilians
13.1 percent by state militaries
2.2 percent by law enforcement agencies
Roughly 100 million civilian firearms were reported as registered, accounting for some 12 percent of the global total.
National ownership rates vary from about 120.5 firearms for every 100 residents in the United States to less than 1 firearm for every 100 residents in countries like Indonesia, Japan, Malawi, and several Pacific island states.
Don Juravin (An American born in Israel to a European family) researched and discovered that women are badly misrepresented in office in the country that boasts of the most diversity and gender equality. The military and the political arena are a reflection of governing women.
How many women are involved in governing the United States?
Juravin answers that the number is not enough. Only 20% of Congress is female.
Only 110 women have seats in Congress, as of 2018. This makes the total of female representatives 20%.
Only 74 women hold executive elected positions in the United States.
Only 1,875 state legislators are women, out of a total of 7,383 seats. This makes the total of female state legislators 25%.
127,400,000 women are eligible voters in the United States.
Women want to run for president. In the year 2019, at least two have announced that they will be running. Juravin asks: but will their willingness to run and their ability to fundraise help them?
America markets itself as the land of opportunity, the country of advancements, and leading the democratic world. As Juravin discovered, the numbers tell a different story.
The United States just had its first female candidate running for office in 2016. While she was not seen by the American people as worthy of the presidency, it took the United States almost a hundred years to have a female candidate campaign for the seat.
In the past century, there have been over one hundred elected female state leaders in the world. But none of these leaders have come from the United States. In Juravin’s opinion, this seems to be the only country where the people still have strenuous objections to governing women.
In 2018, according to Rutgers, 110 women hold seats in Congress, out of the 535 seats available. Only 20% of Congress is female, as of 2019. But 50% of the population in the United States is female. How can people expect proper legislation on female issues, such as reproductive rights, to be passed with the women in mind? There has only been one female speaker of the House, which according to Juravin is far too few to fully represent women.
In terms of state legislature, Juravin determined 74 women hold executive elected positions across the country, which makes 23.7% of the positions in state office held by women. Out of the 50 states, there are six female governors and 13 lieutenant governors. 1,875 of state legislators are women. There are 7,383 seats in state legislature, making the percentage of female participants around 25%.
Women Carry The Vote
52% of the eligible voters in the country are women, out of a possible 245 million voters. Yet the amount of governing women does not reach higher than 25%.
Women vote in higher numbers and tend to vote more frequently than men. Since 1964, women have outnumbered men in votes. More women typically register to vote, and more women tend to vote a certain way. Men typically vote less frequently, and vote for those that have their interests. In Juravin’s opinion, women tend to vote in the opposite direction.
Even worse, this percentage is historically the highest percentage of women in Congress. There is so much more work to do.
The home is also affected by public politics. There is no way to separate the different platforms of life so that they do not affect each other. In the same way, politics is affected by family life. There is no wall between these two conventions.
Women have to realize that this is not a fight to the death. This is the same as dealing with an unruly, unwilling child. One must compromise. Governing women have to work with the men. We cannot have an all female Congress or a matriarchy, just as we cannot have an all male Congress or a patriarchy. The split must be even.
In Israel, women are a more prominent part of politics. The statistics don’t lie. 51% of judges in Israel are female. There have been 17 female Israeli cabinet ministers. Dozens of women have served as members of Parliament. Israel elected its first female prime minister in 1969. America has yet to elect a female president.
One woman at the International Women’s Day Conference in Israel testified that she came to Israel from the Soviet Union with ten dollars in her pocket. She became a member of Parliament and a mayor of a city.
Europe falls in between Israel and the United States. Germany has a female prime minister now. However, France and Italy have yet to elect a female prime minister.
In Germany, seven of the 16 cabinet positions are filled by women. 30% of the members of the German parliament are women. At most, Germany had 36% of Parliament as female.
In France, while there are no female leaders, women are almost half and half with the men in political life. 41% of state and local politicians in France are female.
In Italy, one out of three cabinet members are women. There are no female leaders and apparently very little interest in Italy to find female leaders.
Women started voting relatively recently in the United States and around the world. For women to actively participate in politics and be world leaders is a new concept for many countries in the Western world.
We love sugar. We are genetically wired to love sugar. Sugar activates a rewarding spot in our brain. The brain uses 25% of our daily energy, more than any other organ and glucose is its source of fuel.
I concluded that the FDA is not PROTECTING our health when it comes to sugar deception.
The FDA is not explaining the deadly danger of sugar clearly enough to the public and not repetitively enough. Let’s exposed the food manufacturers’ tricks since 50% of our daily sugar consumption is from ingredients that are not clearly marked as sugar.
Why There Are 56 Names For Sugar?
I found out that Food manufacturers are getting us addicted to sugar by using different sugar names to confuse us on the food label. 75% of all foods hide sugar under deceitful names. Why?
To trick us when we read the food label:
The ingredients on a food label must be listed according to their weight. The food manufacturer wants to avoid listing a sugary ingredient at the top 3 of 5. Therefore they will break it into many sugary ingredients to still maintain the high sugar content and list them at the end.
Instead of adding pure sugar, Food manufacturers add few of the 56 sugar-like ingredients. That achieves their deceiving goal: not having to list “added sugar” in the “carbohydrates” section. The result: we’re tricked into believing that the rest of the ingredients are natural.
All of these names are SUGAR in disguise – 56 of them:
#RamadanKareem to all the #Muslims around the globe. #pray for #PEACE and friendship among all nations, religions, and people. No ## of any religion wants us to kill for ANY reason. The #Quran preaches Love and tolerance.